Can You Put A Comma After And?

What are the four types of commas?

There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas..

How do you punctuate in turn?

the use of which in turn requires the use of commas. There are a few problems with the sentence you propose, but your use of “in turn” is correct.

How many commas do you need for 3 words?

Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item.

Where do you put commas in a list?

When making a list, commas are the most common way to separate one list item from the next. The final two items in the list are usually separated by “and” or “or”, which should be preceeded by a comma.

What is the comma rule?

Use a comma before which when it introduces a nonrestrictive phrase. Don’t use a comma before which when it’s part of a prepositional phrase, such as “in which.” Don’t use a comma before which when it introduces an indirect question.

What is the Oxford comma rule?

An Oxford, or serial, comma is the last comma in a list; it goes before the word “and.” Technically, it’s grammatically optional in American English. However, depending on the list you are writing out, omitting it can lead to some confusion.

Is there a comma after hello in a greeting?

When the salutation in your letter or email starts with “Hello” or “Hi,” then you should put a comma before the name of the person you’re addressing. It is also standard practice to put a comma after the name of the person you’re addressing.

Is the Oxford comma optional?

“The so-called ‘Oxford comma’ is an optional comma that follows the penultimate item in a list of three or more items and precedes the word ‘and’ … The general rule is that it should be used consistently or not at all …

How do you list two things in a sentence?

SemicolonsTo help separate items in a list, when some of those items already contain commas. Let’s look at an example, as that is the easiest way to understand this use of the semicolon. … To join two sentences. An independent clause is a group of words that can stand on its own (independently)—it is a complete sentence.

What are the 14 punctuation marks?

There are 14 punctuation marks that are commonly used in English grammar. They are the period, question mark, exclamation point, comma, semicolon, colon, dash, hyphen, parentheses, brackets, braces, apostrophe, quotation marks, and ellipsis.

Do you put a comma after in conclusion?

Concluding phrases and clauses are not punctuated with commas when they are restrictive or necessary to a complete understanding of the sentence. When they are non-restrictive, or may be de-emphasized, set them apart with commas.

When should you use a comma after and?

Comma UseUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items…

Do commas go after names?

Commas should sometimes be placed before – and after – names and titles. … Let’s start with the fact that unless a name or title is the last word(s) in a sentence, it can either be used with no commas at all, OR with a comma both before and after. It is incorrect to place only one comma before the name or title.

How many commas in a sentence is too many?

If you feel you have too many commas, you do. Like, no one can say you should have twenty-seven commas per page or anything like that. The first question would be, Do you have commas in inappropriate places? If you have sentences like, “Bob walked, to, the store, slowly” then yes, there are too many commas.

How do you identify a comma splice?

When you join two independent clauses with a comma and no conjunction, it’s called a comma splice. Some people consider this a type of run-on sentence, while other people think of it as a punctuation error. Here’s an example of a comma splice: Koala bears are not actually bears, they are marsupials.

Can I use and twice in a sentence?

“And” can only be used once in a sentence to connect big ideas. “And” can be used two times in a sentence when making a list of things. Just like too many bridges, too many “ands” make a sentence hard to follow.

Do you put a comma after thanks and someone’s name?

If you include someone’s name after “thank you,” you should insert a comma after “thank you” to separate the statement from the name of the person being addressed. If there is more to the sentence, use another comma after the name to separate it from the rest of the sentence.

Why you should not use the Oxford comma?

The AP Stylebook considers the Oxford Comma unimportant, and many journalists agree that they shouldn’t be required to use it. Why don’t they use it? Many opponents of the Oxford comma claim that it makes a piece of writing sound more pretentious and stuffy, and that it can make things seem cluttered and redundant.

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…

How important is a comma?

Commas help your reader figure out which words go together in a sentence and which parts of your sentences are most important. Using commas incorrectly may confuse the reader, signal ignorance of writing rules, or indicate carelessness.

Can essay titles have commas?

The first thing to know is that there are generally only two correct options: two commas, one before and one after the name/title, or no commas at all. While a comma after the title may be correct on rare occasions (which don’t concern us here), a comma only before a name or title is wrong.

How do you use commas in a list of three?

Rule 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.

How does a comma change the meaning?

Commas break up sentences into bits that go together. They divide phrases and group things together. … In the first example, the use of the comma changes the word “Grandma” from that which will be eaten to someone who is going to eat.

How do you properly punctuate writing?

Top ten punctuation tipsUse apostrophes correctly. … Know where to place quotation marks. … Know how to punctuate with parentheses. … Use a hyphen for compound adjectives. … Distinguish between the colon and the semicolon. … Avoid multiple punctuation at the end of a sentence.More items…

Can a sentence have 2 commas?

Although we often hear about run-on sentences and people who neglect commas, it’s also entirely possible to use far too many commas. Luckily, there’s a perfect and grammatically correct way to include commas in any piece of writing. Using our list of comma rules, it’s time to say goodbye to your unnecessary commas.

Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before and?

1. Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses.