Question: Why Is It Important To Respect The Views Of Minority?

Which law protects the rights of a minority group?

In particular, the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the 1992 Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities (hereinafter: United Nations Minorities Declaration) recognize and protect the rights of persons belonging to minorities..

Why is minority rights important?

Minority rights are based on the recognition that minorities are in a vulnerable situation in comparison to other groups in society, namely the majority population, and aim to protect members of a minority group from discrimination, assimilation, prosecution, hostility or violence, as a consequence of their status.

Why is it important to protect the rights of the minority in a democracy?

Minority rights need to be protected to ensure that all citizens are able to fully participate in the country’s democratic institutions.

Who is minority according to UN?

The term ‘minority’ as used in the United Nations human rights system refers to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities as laid out in the United Nations Declaration on the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities (General Assembly resolution 47/135 of 18 …

What are the 5 characteristics of minority groups?

According to Charles Wagley and Marvin Harris (1958), a minority group is distinguished by five characteristics: (1) unequal treatment and less power over their lives, (2) distinguishing physical or cultural traits like skin colour or language, (3) involuntary membership in the group, (4) awareness of subordination, …

What is the difference between majority and minority?

A majority government refers to one or multiple governing parties that hold an absolute majority of seats in legislature. This is as opposed to a minority government, where the largest party in a legislature only has a plurality of seats.

What are the rights of minorities in Pakistan?

The Constitution of Pakistan, in article 25 (1), guarantees that “all citizens are equal before law and are entitled to equal protection of law.” Article 5 provides that “adequate provision shall be made for the minorities to freely profess and practice their religions and develop their cultures,” and article 33 …

What are the minority rights under Indian constitution?

Article 29 protects the interests of the minorities by making a provision that any citizen / section of citizens having a distinct language, script or culture have the right to conserve the same. Article 29 mandates that no discrimination would be done on the ground of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.

Who are minorities in sociological sense?

Sociological. Louis Wirth defined a minority group as “a group of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from the others in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment, and who therefore regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination”.

Are refugees a minority group?

Many of the world’s refugees are members of minority groups who can no longer rely on their own State for protection. UNHCR is also mandated to oversee the implementation of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees.

How can we protect minorities?

The protection of minority rights is an exercise of tolerance and intercultural dialogue. By encouraging mutual respect and understanding, the different groups that comprise a society should be able to engage and cooperate with one another, while preserving their own identity[5].

What do you mean by minority rights?

Minority rights are the normal individual rights as applied to members of racial, ethnic, class, religious, linguistic or gender and sexual minorities; and also the collective rights accorded to any minority group.

Where do minority rights come from?

Minority rights derive from basic international law on human rights, as well as specific treaties and declarations on minority rights, notably the UN Declaration on the Rights of All Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Minorities (UNDM).

Why is majority rule and minority rights important?

Majority rule with respect to minority rights is vital to a democratic government. This process allows for citizens to maintain individual rights while following the direction of the majority. It also allows for the citizens to make changes to the laws as society, the majorities, and the minorities change.

Why do minorities need protection from the state?

Why do minorities need protection from the state? … In case, they are addressed for any special references, they are referred to as privileged minority. Minorities need protection from government because of demographic dominance of majority as it attains political power in democratic pattern of election.

What does majority rules Minority rights mean?

For the American system of government to work, the majority has the power to rule and the responsibility not to trample the rights of the minority. … The minority must have the right to become the majority and have its voice heard.