Quick Answer: What Is Aristotle’S Moral Theory?

What is Aristotle’s philosophy?

In his natural philosophy, Aristotle combines logic with observation to make general, causal claims.

For example, in his biology, Aristotle uses the concept of species to make empirical claims about the functions and behavior of individual animals..

What is the good life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle argues that what separates human beings from the other animals is the human reason. So the good life is one in which a person cultivates and exercises their rational faculties by, for instance, engaging in scientific inquiry, philosophical discussion, artistic creation, or legislation.

What are 3 facts about Aristotle?

To delve further into the details of his achievements, here is a list of the top 10 facts about Aristotle.Aristotle was an orphaned at a young age. … He is the founder of zoology. … He was a tutor to royalty. … Aristotle’s life of romance. … Aristotle contributed to the classification of animals. … His contributions to Physics.More items…•

What are the main ideas of Aristotle?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What is the highest virtue according to Aristotle?

PrudencePrudence, also known as practical wisdom, is the most important virtue for Aristotle.

What are Aristotle’s moral virtues?

Aristotle. Moral virtues are exemplified by courage, temperance, and liberality; the key intellectual virtues are wisdom, which governs ethical behaviour, and understanding, which is expressed in scientific endeavour and contemplation.

What is Aristotle’s theory of virtue?

Most virtue ethics theories take their inspiration from Aristotle who declared that a virtuous person is someone who has ideal character traits. … These traits derive from natural internal tendencies, but need to be nurtured; however, once established, they will become stable.

What does Aristotle say about good life?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.

What is the contribution of Aristotle in philosophy?

Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived and the first genuine scientist in history. He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science, he invented the field of formal logic, and he identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other.

What is Aristotle’s concept of the golden mean?

Moral behavior is the mean between two extremes – at one end is excess, at the other deficiency. Find a moderate position between those two extremes, and you will be acting morally.